connected mainly with removement of the hoofed animals serving as it production. For the predatory food of the animals caught by them is most characteristic. However many eat drop, the remains of others production, insects, vegetable forages, and or specialize on such production or are omnivorous. As required predators can eat a lot of food.
to the cluttered-up wood sites. She perfectly climbs trees and rocks. The basis of food of a lynx is made by hares. Constantly she hunts on black grouses, small rodents, is more rare on large hoofed animals like the roe, in the wood most preferably attacks foxes being along with a wolf the regulator of number of this look.
Predator a polyphague, pursuing the look which is not its main forage can actively suppress its number. At us in the south in forest ecosystems in regulation of number of the victims it is especially great. Due to the existence of considerable quantity of predators in forest ecosystems production defensors amplify, its care grows, for reproduction more reliable shelters get out, the care of posterity amplifies, the number of repeated layings increases.
Complexity of relationship of predators and the victims in forest ecosystems increases that, exterminating separate types in different degree, predators influence interspecific relationship and it indirectly favor to one and promote suppression of number of other types. Predators at small number or adverse conditions of hunting cannot constrain increase of number of the pursued types. In these conditions it occurs quickly and owing to a geometrical progression of reproduction at mass types often accepts nature of sudden emergence. At relative large number of the persecutors and adverse living conditions pursued predators can actively constrain increase of number of production and beat the reason of long low level her
On appearance, especially on coloring it is similar to an ordinary gray domestic cat so quite often to distinguish them happens very difficult especially as domestic cats quite often run wild. A forest cat of more dense constitution, more largely, with a thick tail as if chopped off on the end. Length of a body is up to 75 85 cm weight there are about 6 kg. For shelters the wild cat uses crevices of rocks,
The wolf differs in big ecological plasticity. But after all tries to avoid forests. A wolf the typical predator extracting food independently, active search and prosecution of the victims. Food basis for wolves
Alpine belts. As shelters martens are served by hollows squirrel nests, crevices of rocks. In forest landscapes prefer to feed on the most various food various rodents, birds, insects different berries and fruit. The vegetable food often even prevails. Martens willingly regale on honey and larvae of wild bees. The stone marten lives on treeless rocky slopes of mountains more often, but meets and in forest biocenoses where the role her is not so great, such as a forest marten.
Includes the largest representatives of group leading a predatory omnivorous and herbivorous life. Constitution massive trunk short and powerful. The head wide in the basis from the quite short is more rare the extended muzzle. Eyes small neck thick and short extremities massive five-fingered coloring monophonic brown, skull the large massive. Molars are almost deprived of the cutting tops, injurious teeth are not expressed. The family is presented to RA by one sort Bears.
Include various on a structure to a way of life and the sizes of animals. The most small predator – caress. In most cases the body extended. Ears at one types the small quite large pointed which are rounded off at others. The neck truncated. Many types for the basis of a tail have gland. Indumentum dense at many types fluffy and even the shaggy. Coloring various. 2 sorts precisely live in Adygea: Martens and Caress and polecats.
The role of predators at delivery of foreign types is especially convincing. So delivered in our biotopes raccoon-like dogs from America badly got accustomed in forest biotopes as a result of influence of predators which did not react to odorous glands of this look.
bugorchaty and even the almost flattened. The last top preradical and the first lower radical at the majority of types turned into the special injurious teeth differing in size about the sharp, cutting hillocks. On the contrary, cutters relatively are not great.